Following the coming into effect of the the new Electoral Law 2022, the Independent National Electoral Commission, INEC, has adjusted the 2023 general election timetable earlier released in 2021.
In the new timetable, the Presidential and National Assembly elections will now hold on February 25, 2023
INEC Chairman, Prof. Mahmood Yakubu disclosed this at a news conference Saturday in Abuja.
President Muhammadu Buhari had on Friday signed the Electoral Bill 2022 into law — the fourth time since the restoration of democracy in Nigeria in May 1999 that the Electoral Act would be repealed and re-enacted.
History of electoral laws
The 1998 – 1999 elections were administered by transitional decrees until the 2001 Electoral Act was passed into law.
Then, the Act was repealed and re-enacted as the Electoral Act 2002, which was in turn repealed and re-enacted in 2006, 2010 and now the 2022 Electoral Act.
INEC had in 2017 decided to establish fixed dates for general elections, as part of efforts to create certainty in the electoral calendar and to enable all stakeholders in the electoral process (the electoral commission, political parties and candidates, security agencies, observers, the media etc.) to prepare adequately for elections.
By that decision, Presidential and National Assembly elections shall hold on the third Saturday of the month of February of each General Election year, while Governorship and State Houses of Assembly elections shall follow two weeks later.
Speaking at the event, the INEC Chairman said; “Consequently, the 2023 General Election was scheduled to commence onFebruary 18, 2023 with the Presidential and National Assembly elections, followed by the Governorship and State Houses of Assembly elections on the 4th of March 2023.
However, the Commission could not release the detailed timetable and schedule of activities for the General Election, as it normally would, because of the pending enactment of the Electoral Act 2022. The Bill has now been signed into law.
“Therefore, the Electoral Act 2022, together with the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as amended), form the legal basis for conducting all elections in Nigeria. In particular, the Electoral Act provides strict timelines for the implementation of electoral activities based on the date of the General Election.
“One of the significant timelines is the publication of Notice of Election not later than 360 days before the day appointed for holding an election which has now lapsed for the 2023 General Election.
“Consequently, the Commission has decided to adjust the dates of the 2023 General Election to ensure compliance with the provisions of the new law. Accordingly, the Presidential and National Assembly elections will now hold on Saturday 25th February 2023 while the Governorship and State Houses of Assembly elections will hold two weeks later on Saturday 11th March 2023.
“With this adjustment, the 2023 General Election is now 363 days away.
“Under the law, there are critical timebound activities from the publication of Notice of Election to the Conduct of Polls which form the Timetable and Schedule of Activities for elections.
“Some of the critical activities and their dates of implementation are as follows:
“Publication of Notice of Election – Monday 28th February 2022.
“Conduct of party primaries, including the resolution of disputes arising from them – Monday 4th April 2022 to Friday 3rd June 2022.
“Submission of nomination forms to INEC via the online portal for Presidential and National Assembly election – 9.00am on Friday 10th June 2022 to 6.00pm on Friday 17th June 2022.
“Submission of nomination forms to INEC via the online nomination portal for Governorship and State Assembly elections – 9.00am on Friday 1st July 2022 to 6.00pm on Friday 15th July 2022.
“Commencement of Campaigns by political parties for Presidential and National Assembly election – Wednesday 28th September 2022.
“Commencement of Campaigns by political parties for Governorship and State Assembly elections – Wednesday 12th October 2022.
“Last day of campaign by political parties for Presidential and National Assembly elections — midnight on Thursday 23rd February 2023.
“Last day of campaign by political parties for Governorship and State Assembly elections — midnight on Thursday 9th March 2023.”
Yakubu said with the coming into force of the Electoral Act 2022, the Commission will work assiduously to conclude and publish new Regulations and Guidelines for the Conduct of Elections that are consistent with the Act.
“These Regulations and Guidelines as well as Manuals issued by the Commission are all part of the legal regulatory framework for elections.
“Their timely publication will enable all stakeholders in the electoral process to become conversant with their provisions as they prepare for the 2023 General Election.”